I've just got a couple of comments. First off, I agree with Dusty. Policy-making should be left to the trained professionals, NOT to politicians that know nothing about biology and wildlife.
Jackson and Half brought up bounties. Bounties are just not effective. They're too easily manipulated, abused, and almost always underfunded. They just don't work.
Control should be given first to the sportsmen. This is for several reasons. Number one, because that way it doesn't cost the government a dime. In fact, they make money off of it. Most DNRs are largely funded by the sales of hunting/fishing/trapping licenses. Here in N.C., the NCWRC receives approximately 1/3 of its budget from the General Fund.
Second, as has already been pointed out, these Sportsmen now have a vested interest in these wildlife. They have more of a desire to keep the ecosystem balanced. With balance, everything prospers. Its when it starts getting lopsided that you have problems.
Third, in most places, the government just could not afford to pay the salaries and equipment costs for full time "wildlife management" positions. You ask any of the USDA beaver trappers down here how busy they are. They can't keep up. And I don't have to tell anybody about the financial fiasco our nation is currently in. The money just ain't there.
We also need to apply common sense. The deer management system for Cleveland, OH will not necessarily be the same as the system for Pender County, NC. This is where the "professionals" come in. Let people that know the area, and know the numbers make the decisions. Personally, I think to insinuate somebody's gonna shoot 5 does before they shoot a buck is silly. Most people won't shoot 5 deer all season, even down here where our deer season spans 4 months (not including the urban archery season). Giving a certain quota, sure. But lets keep it realistic.
Finally, probably the most important part of a good wildlife management plan would have to be education. Not only educating the "wildlife managers," (hunters, trappers, etc...), but educating the public.
However much I love the principles taught by the cartoons my two year old daughter watches, I cringe to see animals portrayed as humans, acting completely different than they would in the wild. In one of his recent articles in T&PC, Hal speaks of a woman that is not worried about a dairy strike because her milk "comes from the grocery store." While I think all that read that article got a good chuckle, there is a sad undertone of reality there. How many of our children today grow up thinking food comes from Walmart and clothes come from Target or Belks. I take every opportunity I have to go into a classroom, to show somebody a trap, to take in a pelt.
These are things that we all take for granted, most of us grew up in the outdoors. Think about it, how many kids do you know can drive a tractor? Now, how many of your grandparents peers could drive a tractor before they could drive a car? Sorry, I did not mean for this to go this long. Oh, Dusty, I'd vote for ya. Just give me a Cabinet spot