Native means of Indian descent. The land was already being used before Europeans got here! Beaver Reserves aren't just about trapping. I don't think that Natives are that big on trapping as we do it. They want to catch a beaver but they want the meat as much or more than the pelt.
Beaver Reserves are places where Natives live the traditional lifestyle. That means moose when you see it and spring goose hunts. Areas are controlled by Native families and shared from generation to generation. They cover HUGE amounts of territory.
If my memory is correct, 20% of the province catches 80% of the fur. That is the southern section of the province where non-native people trap.
The province used to force you to catch 75% of a beaver "quota" on your line. The gov't determined the quota. The trapper also had to provide how many active beaver huts there were on their line. If they were not within a certain % of the gov't helicopter obtained number they lost their line. This has been abolished. Helicopter rides are expensive!
The trapper now determines what he catches. As I wrote, the minimum is 15 of 5 different species. Red squirrels and weasels count, as do bears.
We do have a lynx quota which is part of the "15." Some areas have no quota. Mine went from zero to three depending on the year. It's been stalled at 2 for a few years. The number is quite low considering the amount of lynx around.
The goal is to have the land trapped and MANAGED. Camp construction rules are quite strict. The gov't does not want people getting a license to "trap" because they want a camp to hunt moose. It's a problem. Lots of guys hit 5/15 and say they are trappers.
But the new system has benefited me personally. A couple of years ago I could only trap on one line and on my own private property. Now I'm trapping on the same line, my wife's line, and my daughters plus crown land, plus private property as well as my own land. I've gone from running about 100 sq. km to maybe close to 300 sq. km.
I bought more traps!